Creek, Water pollution, Heavy metal, Chromium (VI)

How to Cite



With increasing industrialization, environmental pollution has become a threat to human health.  The heavy metal pollution, especially from industrial waste water, is the best example of this. Chromium holds a special position among living organisms because on its species it can be either essential or toxic. Cr (VI) even at very low concentrations is harmful and carcinogenic, while Cr(III) is a necessary microelement for cellular metabolism. Therefore, it is very important to determine the chromium metal found in the wastewater of leather, paint and iron - steel industries. Four main creeks discharges located in the important industrial area in Kocaeli Province are made to the Gulf of Izmit.

In this study, Cr (VI) was measured by the spectrophotometer S.M.3500-Cr B. Calorimetric Method sampled from four main streams Saz, Dil, Narca (Bağ) and Ambar (Ulupınar) Creeks samples and the results were found to be <0.02 mg / L. With these values it is observed that there is a visible improvement in the pollution of the creeks.


[1] OKTOR K. (1995), Investigations on Awareness of Public Opinion, Organization Models and Legal Aspects of Environmental Problems of Industrial Establisment in Izmit and Environs, Master Thesis, Kocaeli University Institute of Social Sciences, 30-52.
[2] KOCAELİ (2017), Environmental Status Report of Kocaeli Province, Kocaeli Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanization.
[3] YAYINTAŞ O.T., YILMAZ S., TURKOĞLU M., COLAKOĞLU F.A., CAKIR F. (2007), Seasonal variation of some heavy metal pollution with environmental and microbiological parameters in sub-basin of Kocabas Stream (Biga, Canakkale, Turkey) by ICP-AES., Environ Monit Assess., 134, 321-331.
[4] OKTOR K., YILMAZ S., TURKER G., ERKUŞ E. (2008), Speciative determination of Cr (III) and Cr (VI) in dyeing waste water of Dil Creek discharge to Izmit Gulf (Izmit-Kocaeli, Turkey) by ICP-AES, Environ Monit Assess, 141, 97–103.
[5] YILMAZ S., TURE M., SADİKOĞLU M., DURAN A. (2010), Determination of total Cr in wastewaters of Cr electroplating factories in the I. Organize industry region (Kayseri, Turkey) by ICP-AES, Environ Monit Assess, 167, 235-242.
[6] MARKA (2012), Development of Environmental Concept in Kocaeli with Advanced Rehabilitation and Industrial Nuances, T.C. East Marmara Development Agency Brand Publications Series, Green Kocaeli.
[7] SHİN K.H., KUMAR K.S., DAHMS H.U., WON E.J., LEE J.S. (2015), Microalgae – A promising tool for heavy metal remediation, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 113, 329–352.
[8] DEDE O.T. (2016), Application of the Heavy Metal Pollution Index for Surface Waters: A Case Study for Çamlıdere, Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem, 44 (4), 499–504.
[9] AMİRA W., LEGHOUCHİ E. (2018), Assessment of heavy metal pollution in sediments and their bioaccumulation in Phragmites australis frome Nil river (Jijel-Algeria), Global NEST Journal, 20 (2), 226-233.
[10] EDWARDS M., PARKS J.L., MCNEİLL L., FREY M., EATON A.D., HAGHANİ A., RAMİREZ L. (2004), Determination of total chromium in environmental water samples, Water Research, 38, 2827-2838.
[11] ÇANLI M., ABALI Y., OZTEKİN B., ŞİRİN K. (2014), Absorption of Chromium (VI) Ion from Leather Industry Wastewater, C.B.U. Journal of Science, 10.1, 11-24.
[12] MARKİEWİCZ B., KOMOROWİCZ I., SAJNOG A., BELTER M., BARALKİEWİCZ D. (2015), Chromium and its speciation in water samples by HPLC/ICP-MS-technique establishing metrological traceability: a review since 2000, Talanta, 132, 814-828.
[13] DİNÇ H. (2016), Assessment of Discharged Wastewater of Sacır and Samozu Streams (Gaziantep) for Irrigation, Harran University, Vet. Fac. J., 5 (1), 18-24.
[14] HASSOUNe J., TAHİRİ S., KRATİ M.E., CERVERA M.L., GUARDİA M. (2018), Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solutions Using Biopolymers, J. Environ. Eng., 144(8): 04018060.
[15] GREENBERG A., CLESCERİ L., EATON, A.D. (1998), Standart Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th Ed., 59-60, American Public Health Association, Washington.

When the  article is accepted for publication in the HSQ authors transfer all copyright in the article to the Holistence Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti.The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights. 

Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and should take public responsibility for it.

This paper contains works that have not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals.


Download data is not yet available.