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child abuse, Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome, news case article, victim


In this study, the main aim is to shed light onto the Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome news case articles from Turkey and the USA as well as to increase awareness related to the topic. Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy is a form of child abuse and as the perpetrator of the abuse mostly a parent of the victim, it is not easy to prove the abuse by the medical staff. Most of the time, the perpetrator is ‘mother’ of the child, who fabricates a story about the child’s sickness and seeks for medical attention for the child.


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ABC NEWS, [Last Accessed: October 2020]

ABDULHAMID, I. AND SIEGEL, P. T. (2008). Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. eMedicine Pediatrics: Developmental and Behavioral, 1-10

AMLANI, A., GREWAL, G.S., & FELDMAN, M. D. (2016). Malingering by Proxy: A Literature Review and Current Perspectives. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 172-176.

ARTINGSTALL, K. (1998). Practical Aspects of Munchausen by Proxy and Munchausen Syndrome Investigation. Routledge, 6-129

BERG, B. AND JONES, D. P. H. (1999) Outcome of psychiatric intervention in factitious illness by proxy (Munchausen’s syndrome by proxy). Arch Dis Child, 465–472

BERTULLI, C. AND COCHAT PIERRE. (2017). Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy and Pediatric Nephrology. Science Direct, 482-484

BURSCH, B. (2014). Munchausen by Proxy and Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another: Page 2 of 2. Psychiatric Times, 1-7

CLARKE, C. AND SKOKAUSKAS, N. (2010). Paediatric Symptom Falsification (‘Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy’) – Psychiatric Manifestations. British Journal of Medical Practitioners, 3(4):a344

DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS (2000), Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) American Psychological Association

FUJIWARA, T., OKUYAMA M., KASAHARA M., & NAKAMURA A. (2008), Characteristics of hospital-based Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy in Japan. Child Abuse & Neglect The International Journal, 503-509

GOMILA, I. , LOPEZ-COROMINAS, V., PELLEGRINI, M., QUESADA, L., MIRAVET, E., PICHINI, S., & BARCELO B. (2016). Alimemazine poisoning as evidence of Munchausen syndrome by proxy: A pediatric case report. Forensic Science International, e18-e22

HURRIYET, [Translated & Last Accessed: October 2020]

HURRIYET, [Translated & Last Accessed: October 2020]

JUNG, B., & REIDENBERG, M.M. (2007). Physicians Being Deceived. American Academy of Pain Medicine, 433–437

LASHER, L. AND SHERIDAN M.S. (2004). Munchausen by Proxy: Identification, Intervention, and Case Management. Routledge

LAWLOR, A. (2018). Factitious disorder and its online variant Munchausen by Internet: understanding motivation and its impact on online users to develop a detection method. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.

LEWIS, E. (2017).Care Gone Wrong: Bad Moms, Fake Disabilities, and Imagined Illnesses. Researchgate.

MILLIYET, [Translated & Last Accessed: October 2020]

POLAT, O. (2017). Şiddet. Seçkin Yayıncılık, 137-140.

RADIKAL, [Translated & Last Accessed: October 2020]

TIRYAKI, A. Y. & BARAN G. (2017). Bir Çocuk İstismari Türü Olarak “Munchausen by Proxy Sendromu”. Ankara Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, (1-2-3), 107-124.

TÜMER, A. R., ODABAŞI A. B., ÖZDEMIR, D. F., MUTLU, E. İ., & KAYNAK, A. D. (2015). Çocuk İstismarı’nın Ağır Bir Türü: Bakım Verenin Yapay Bozukluğu’na (Munchausen By Proxy Sendromu) Hukuki ve Tıbbi Bakış (A Serious Type Of Child Abuse: Medical And Legal Overview Of Factitious Disorder Imposed On Another (Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy). Uyuşmazlık Mahkemesi Dergisi, 581-608.

UYTUN, S., UYTUN, M.Ç., TORUN, Y.A., ERGÜL, A.B., & AÇOĞLU, E.A. (2015). Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: Case Report. The Journal of Current Pediatrics, 2015;13:60-2

WALK, A. E. & DAVIES, S. C. (2010). "Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: Identification and Intervention". Counselor Education and Human Services Faculty Publications, 32

YORKER, B. C. (1995). Covert Video Surveillance of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy: The Exigent Circumstances Exception. Health Matrix, 325-346.




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