HEALTH SCIENCES QUARTERLY https://journals.gen.tr/index.php/jsp <p><strong>About the HSQ</strong></p> <p>Health Sciences Quarterly (E-ISSN: <a href="https://ekygm.gov.tr/Issn/Issn/Preview/33370" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2791-6022</a>) journal as known by the name of "Journal of Scientific Perspectives" until April 2021 which has been published since 2017 is an international peer-reviewed journal of HOLISTENCE PUBLICATIONS. It is published quarterly in January, April, July, and October. All manuscripts submitted for publication are evaluated by the editor-in-chief, section editor, editorial board, and referees. In addition, the journal provides a medium for highlighting selected articles reporting highly significant original findings, as Editor's Choice Manuscripts.</p> HOLISTENCE PUBLICATIONS en-US HEALTH SCIENCES QUARTERLY 0000-0000 <p><em>When the article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Scientific Perspectives</em><em> authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Holistence Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights. </em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> Nursing students’ innovation and creativity approaches: A descriptive study https://journals.gen.tr/index.php/jsp/article/view/1633 <p>The aim of this study is to reveal the creativity and innovativeness attitudes of nursing students who receive vocational education, to determine the influencing factors and to increase their awareness of innovation and creativity in nursing. The research was conducted as a descriptive study. The sample consisted of 399 nursing students. To collect data “Personal Information Form”, “Individual Innovativeness Scale Adapted for Nursing”, “Individual Creativity Scale” were used. Descriptive values, Shapiro-Wilk, Chi-square, Student’s-t, ANOVA, Tukey, Pearson Correlation test were used in the evaluation of the data. Ethics committee and institutional permission were obtained for the study. The average age of the participants is 20.82 ±1.69. The total score average of the participants is 59.19 for the Individual Innovativeness Scale and 55.58 for the Individual Creativity Scale. A significant relationship was found between genders, the place lived in the longest, the need for innovative thinking and individual innovativeness total score average. Also, a significant relationship was found between gender, place lived in the longest, participation in scientific activities related to creativity and innovativeness and innovative thinking status and creativity scale average score. The participants were skeptical about individual innovativeness and their creativity score average was at a medium level. The creativity and innovation scale scores of the participants were affected by some sociodemographic characteristics. It is recommended to plan trainings to raise awareness about innovation and creativity.</p> Rana Can Özdemir Meryem Türkan Işık Copyright (c) 2022 Holistence Publications http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 2 3 117 126 10.26900/hsq.2.3.01 Investigation of CYP1B1*3 and CYP1B1*4 polymorphisms in a Turkish population https://journals.gen.tr/index.php/jsp/article/view/1774 <p>CYP1B1 is a P450 enzyme involved in activating pro-carcinogens to carcinogens as well as estrogen metabolism. In order to examine the effect of CYP1B1 on cancer metabolism, it should be compared with healthy individuals and whether the polymorphism between healthy individuals and sick individuals is significant. This study aims to screen the CYP1B1*3 and CYP1B1*4 polymorphisms of a group of individuals who have not been diagnosed with cancer to examine the genetic differences of metabolic enzymes in the Turkish population.This study is a cross-sectional type descriptive study.The study included 295 patients without a cancer diagnosis. The research sample includes patients who applied to Ankara University Medical Faculty Hospital and Afyonkarahisar Health Sciences University Research and Application Hospital. The individuals signed voluntary consent forms before participation, and 3 ml blood samples were taken from each. DNA samples were obtained using a DNA isolation kit, and then polymorphism was determined by real-time PCR. The distribution of CYP1B1*3 and CYP1B1*4 polymorphism in healthy individuals was determined. The frequency of CYP1B1*1/*1 (wild type), CYP1B1*1/*3 (heterozygous) and, CYP1B1*3/*3 (mutant) genotypes were found 39.33%, 50.67% and 10.0% respectively. The frequency of CYP1B1*1/*1 (wild type), CYP1B1*1/*4 (heterozygous) and, CYP1B1*4/*4 (mutant) genotypes were found 39.31%, 60.69% and 0% respectively. No individuals with mutant genotype were detected in this genotype (CYP1B1*4).The results show that the genotype frequencies of the CYP1B1*3 gene polymorphism in a Turkish population are similar to other Caucasian populations. However, it was determined that the Turkish population did not show similarity with other races in terms of CYP1B1*4 polymorphism.</p> Fatma Özlem Solmaz Kargın Jale Akgöl Merve Becit Kızılkaya Ahmet Oğuz Ada Copyright (c) 2022 Holistence Publications http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 2 3 127 138 10.26900/hsq.2.3.02 An evaluation of the environmental literacy levels of nursing students in Turkey https://journals.gen.tr/index.php/jsp/article/view/1732 <p>The study was aimed to investigate the environmental literacy levels of the nursing students, including the dimensions of environmental knowledge, attitudes, behaviour, and perceptions. It was a descriptive and crosssectional study, including 292 nursing students who had accepted participation in the study. Data were collected in the fall term of the 2019-2020 academic year using the Sociodemographic Characteristics Form and the Environmental Literacy Scale. According to the results, nursing students’ sub-dimension scores were 12.23±2.96 for environmental knowledge, 66.11±12.25 for environmental attitude, 41.22±6.38 for environmental behaviour, and 10.26±2.08 for environmental perception. The environmental literacy levels of nursing students are at a moderate level. The study found a statistically significant difference between class level, age, gender, father educational status, talking about environmental issues in the family, environmental education status, being involved in the environmental project, source of environmental information, membership of the environmental organizations, and the mean score of the scale (p &lt; 0.05). As a result, it is suggested to plan interventional studies with larger samples to improve the environmental literacy levels of nursing students and to make necessary regulations in the course contents.</p> Rukiye Kapan Tuğba Yardımcı Gürel Copyright (c) 2022 Holistence Publications http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 2 3 139 148 10.26900/hsq.2.3.03 Efficacy of TBNA needles for EBUS during fiberoptic bronchoscopy? https://journals.gen.tr/index.php/jsp/article/view/1765 <p>Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (cTBNA) biopsy is a diagnostic minimally invasive technique applied using fibreoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) in the evaluation of mediastinal/hilar lymph nodes. With the development of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) devices, transbronchial aspiration needles have been revised for use according to the EBUS guidelines. The main aim of this research was to evaluate the diagnostic success of transbronchial aspiration needles that was produced for EBUS when it was applied with FOB instead of conventional TBNA. A retrospective examination was made with the data of 35 patients applied with FOB TBNA, using needles specifically designed for EBUS and 36 patients with conventional TBNA (cTBNA group), for lung cancer staging or the diagnosis of mediastinal lymphadenopathy between November 2018 and November 2019. Seventy-two and sixty procedures performed on 71 patients were included in the study. Diagnostic efficiency for TBNA and cTBNA groups were 91.4% and 83.3%, respectively. Conventional TBNA is still acceptable when the low cost and ease of application are taken into consideration. In conclusion, improvement of current conventional TBNA needles similar to EBUS-TBNA needles for more efficient aspiration capacity could be the first stepto increasing the TBNA diagnostic yield. Nevertheless, further studies are needed to confirm our results.</p> İbrahim Güven Çoşğun Ersin Günay Şule Çilekar Sibel Günay Copyright (c) 2022 Holistence Publications http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 2 3 149 155 10.26900/hsq.2.3.04 Health literacy and health behaviors in the Covid-19 Pandemic https://journals.gen.tr/index.php/jsp/article/view/1743 <p>COVID-19 pandemic has placed a heavy burden on healthcare systems and governments. Health literacy and health behaviors are recognized as strategic public health elements, but they have not received due attention during the pandemic. Health literacy and health behaviors are vital in slowing and controlling the COVID-19 outbreak. The purpose of this research is to examine the health literacy level and health behaviors of individuals in the COVID 19 epidemic. The sample of the study consists of individuals between the ages of 18 65 living in Ankara. An online questionnaire was applied to 384 people who agreed to participate in the research. Turkey Health Literacy Scenario Scale was used to determine the health literacy level of individuals, and the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale was used to evaluate healthy lifestyle behaviors. As a result, a significant difference was found in the total health literacy scores of the individuals according to their healthy lifestyle, and the health literacy total scores of the individuals with a healthy lifestyle were found to be higher. It has been suggested to raise awareness about health literacy and healthy lifestyle and to raise awareness of the society.</p> Didem Hekimoğlu Tunç Fikriye Yılmaz Şaziye İbişoğlu Copyright (c) 2022 Holistence Publications http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 2 3 157 166 10.26900/hsq.2.3.05 Evaluation of patients admitted to our hospital with a possible diagnosis of COVID-19 https://journals.gen.tr/index.php/jsp/article/view/1790 <p>We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics, laboratory and imaging findings, and outcomes associated with the severity of illness of patients admitted to our hospital with possible COVID-19 diagnosis. The patients admitted to our hospital with a possible diagnosis of COVID-19 between March 25 and December 3, 2020, were evaluated retrospectively. In terms of their clinical, laboratory, imaging findings, and mortality were compared between patients discharged and hospitalized with died and survivors. 12470 patients admitted to our hospital with a possible diagnosis of COVID-19 tested by SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR. Of those tested, 3116 (24.9%) were positive. Of the patients, 2529 (81.2%) were discharged, 587 (18.8%) hospitalized, and 92 (3%) were died. In the comparison of discharged, and hospitalized groups, a significant difference was found in age, symptoms, comorbid diseases, chest CT, laboratory findings, and mortality (p&lt; 0.05). In the comparison of survivor, and dead, the risk of mortality analysis showed similar characteristics. Older age, male gender, comorbidities, lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, increased levels of CRP, NLR, D-dimer, ferritin, and chest CT findings were significant risk factors. Of the patients who died, 23 (25%) were female and 69 (75%) were male. The outbreak of COVID-19 is a significantly health problem. We were experienced with high numbers of COVID-19 cases and found that age, symptoms, comorbid diseases, chest CT, laboratory findings of inflammation are significant predictors for admission to hospital. Therefore, these risk factors should consider routinely for patients with a high risk of developing severe and critical diseases by clinicians.</p> Havva Tünay Petek Şarlak Konya Derya Korkmaz Neşe Demirtürk Gamze Çolak Copyright (c) 2022 Holistence Publications http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 2 3 167 174 10.26900/hsq.2.3.06