RESEARCH OF COST EFFECT OF OPENNESS AND DECK MATERIAL IN SUSPENSİON BRIDGES
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Keywords:Suspension bridge, Bridge, Bridge Cost, Bridge Elements, AASHTO LRFD, CSI Bridge program
Recently, the following rapid development of the national economy and the advancement of communication and transportation, the construction of Long-Span Suspension Bridges have been increasing gradually. Long-Span Suspension Bridges are greatly preferred by engineering designers rather than other bridges equipped with construction supporting systems, not only for economic reasons, but also Long-Span suspension bridges are in the possession of advanced construction techniques when we deal with long distances, for Long-Span suspension bridges acquire supporting constructions features rigged with main cables and ropes. Long-Span suspension bridges are bridge constructions included with cable systems and under strong nonlinear factor effects, which the more the suspension increases, the more the bridges construction lightens, and the more the flexibility grows. There is a lot differences shown in the cost of the Suspension bridges according to different opening. The effect of the deck material is like the effect of the openness. The cost of the suspension bridge in the world is to be discussed too, so the cost is to investigate the effect of opening the drawbridge. The cost of suspension bridges in the world is very controversial, so investigating the financial effect of openness and deck material on suspension bridges is required. In this study, a three-dimensional model of the main cable, suspension rope, deck and tower elements of suspension bridge system by using CSI Bridge Program was constructed and numerical analysis was carried out. The standards used in analysis and design are used the AASHTO LRFD standard, which is common in the world. Suspension bridges of 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1500, 2000 meters were analyzed and designed in different deck material and openings. The material and cost of the suspension bridges have been investigated. The costs according to the openness and deck material of Suspension bridges have been shown by the obtained results.
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