Improving mental health and quality of life of aging population

Abstract views: 70 / PDF downloads: 26




Aging, psychological features of aging, mental health problems of elder population


Purpose: Old age has interested humanity since ancient times. Initially, old age was associated with wisdom; scientists looked for the causes of aging and death in order to prolong life. Currently, we are faced with the phenomenon of an aging population, but at the same time old age is perceived rather negatively. The accumulation of this discontent with the predominance of the elderly over the young gives rise to the problem of mutual understanding and mutual acceptance of generations. The task of psychologists in this case is to prevent the growth of tension in society and help in establishing contact between representatives of different generations.

Due to the complex nature of old age and the many different losses that can be mentally and physically difficult for people in this period of life, it is extremely important to unite specialists from different professions - doctors, psychologists, social workers involved in the care, treatment and support of an elderly person. According to the 2019 World Population Prospects, by 2050, one in six people in the world will be over age 65, up from one in 11 in 2019. By 2050, one in four persons living in Europe and Northern America could be aged 65 or over. In 2018, for the first time in history, persons aged 65 or above outnumbered children under five years of age globally. The number of persons aged 80 years or over is projected to triple, from 143 million in 2019 to 426 million in 2050 (United Nations ).

Mental health and quality of life of this population have been searched by special institutions, independent researchers, state and non-government organizations.  The main aim of this study is to do deep research according to literature analyzing and survey results with elderly population in Azerbaijan.

Design, Materials and methods: The main aim of the article is to describe psychological aspects of aging using literature materials and case materials from the survey in 2019-2020, in Azerbaijan.

The present study was designed to assess mental health issues of elderly population. Participants (n = 200) were elder groups from Azerbaijan, who completed the WHO QOL Scale, the PHQ-9 and survey Questionnaire.

Conclusion: According to the findings of the research, it was determined that there was a significant differences on measures of depression across most demographic categories and figures of depression symptoms between participants with and without a family support (F=1,725; df=152; t=-2,5; sig.p=0,191). However, it was determined that there was a distinctive indicators of Quality of life of older adults, and also about their future expectations (F=2,3; df=198; t=-7,1; sig.p=0.131).

According to the literature and the results of the surveys, older adults’ mental health problems and QOL indicators related to conditions, where they live. The depression figures increase when they are faced with different abuse, discrimination. WHO develop special programs to support the mental health of older adults include the development of scalable psychological interventions to address various mental health problems, research and guidance on interventions to reduce social isolation and loneliness, and cost–effective solutions to prevent abuse of older adults (WHO, 2023).


Download data is not yet available.


Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos de Andalucía. Derechos Humanos en la Frontera Sur (2006). [Internet].

APDH; 2007. Disponible en:

Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos de Andalucía (2006). Derechos Humanos en la Frontera Sur 2006.

APDH; 2007. [Internet] Disponible en: [Google Scholar]

ARROYO-COBO, J. M. (2006). Los problemas de salud mental en las prisiones, vistos desde la atención primaria. Norte de Salud Mental. 2006;6:35-43.

BALTES, P. B., LINDENBERGER, U., & STAUDINGER, U. M. (2006). Handbook of child psychology: Theoretical models of human development. 569-664

BALTES, P. B. & BALTES, M. M. (1990). Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation. In: Baltes PB, Baltes MM, eds. Successful Aging: Perspectives from the Behavioral Sciences. European Network on Longitudinal Studies on Individual Development. Cambridge University Press, 1-34.

CAVANAUGH, J. C. & BLANCHARD-FIELDS, F. (2018). Adult development and aging. Cengage Learning.

HASSAN L, BIRMINGHAM, L, HARTY MA, JARRETT, M, JONES P, KING, C, et al. (2011). Prospective cohort study of mental health during imprisonment. Br J.Psychiatry. 198(1):37–42. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

FAZEL, S. & SEEWALD, K. (2012). Severe mental illness in 33,588 prisoners worldwide: systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Br J Psychiatry. 200(5):364-73. [PubMed]

JOLLIFFE, D., & HAQUE, Z. (2017). Have prisons become a dangerous place? Disproportionality, safety and mental health in British Prisons. Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation. Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx).

GIBBS, J.J. (1987). Symptoms of psychopathology among jail prisoners: The effects of exposure to the jail environment. Crim Justice Behav. 14(3):288-310 [Google Scholar]

GONÇALVES, L.C, ENDRASS, J., ROSSEGGER, A. & DIRKZWAGER, A.J. (2016). A longitudinal study of mental health symptoms in young prisoners: exploring the influence of personal factors and the correctional climate. BMC Psychiatry. 2016;16:91. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

LÓPEZ MIGUEL, M.J. & NÚÑEZ GAITÁN, M. (2009). Psicopatía versus trastorno antisocial de la personalidad. REIC. 2009;7:1-17. [Google Scholar]

MOLINA-COLOMA, V., PÉREZ J.I. & SALABERRÍA, K. (2018). Diferencias generales y entre sexos en salud mental: Un estudio comparativo entre población penitenciaria y población general. Revista Mexicana de Psicología. 35(2):117–130. [Google Scholar]

MUTCHLER, J. E., BAKER, L. A., & LEE, S. (2007). Grandparents responsible for grandchildren in Native‐American families. Social Science Quarterly, 88(4), 990-1009.

NEWSOM, J. T. (1999). Another side to caregiving: Negative reactions to being helped. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8(6), 183-187.

NURSE, J., WOODCOCK, P. & ORMSBY, J. (2003). Influence of environmental factors on mental health within prisons: focus group study. BMJ. 2003;327(7413):480. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

SALIZE, H.J., DREßING, H. & KIEF, C. (2007). Mentally disordered persons in European prison systems-needs, programmes and outcome (EUPRIS) Mannheim: Central Institute of Mental Health; 2007. [Google Scholar]

TOIVIAINEN, L. (2006). Vaillant GE, Aging Well. Surprising guideposts to a happier life.

WAITES, C. (2009). Building on strengths: Intergenerational practice with African American families. Social Work, 54(3), 278-287.

WALMSLEY R. (2016). World Prison Population List. 11. Londres: Institute for Criminal Policy Research; 2016. [Google Scholar]

WEIBEL-ORLANDO, J. (2000). Grandparenting styles: Native American perspectives. Worlds of Difference: Inequality in the Aging Experience, 249.

World Population Prospect (2022): release note about major differences in total population estimates for mid-2021 between 2019 and 2022 revisions. New York: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division; 2022

World Health Organization (2023): Mental health of older adults; 20 October, 2023

ZABALA-BAÑOS, M.C, SEGURA, A., MAESTRE-MIQUEL, C., MARTÍNEZ-LORCA, M., RODRÍGUEZ-MARTÍN, B., ROMERO, D., et al. (2016). Prevalencia de trastorno mental y factores de riesgo asociados en tres prisiones de España. Rev Esp Sanid Penit. 2016;18(1):13–24. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Дорогина, О. И., Лебедева, Ю. В., Токарская, Л. В., & Хлыстова, Е. В. (2020). Геронтопсихология: учебное пособие.

Эриксон, Э., (2004). Психологический кризис развития пожилого человека. Учебное пособие по психологии старости/Под ред. ДЯ Райгородского.–М.: Самара: Издательский Дом «БАХРАХ. C. 325–328.

Юнг К. Г. (1994). Проблемы души нашего времени. М. : Прогресс, 329с.

Юнг, К. (2022). Проблемы души нашего времени. Litres.

Культурно-исторический подход к феномену жизненного опыта в старости // Культурно-историческая психология. 2010. № 1. С. 112–118.

Молчанова, О.Н. (1997). Психологический витаукт как механизм стабилизации Я-концепции в позднем возрасте. Психология зрелости и старения, (1), p.24.

Краснова, О.В. and Лидерс, А.Г. (2002). Социальная психология старения: Учеб. пособие для студ. высш. учеб. заведений. М.: Издательский центр “Академия.




How to Cite

Aliaskar, A. G. (2024). Improving mental health and quality of life of aging population. JOURNAL OF AWARENESS, 9(1), 191–200.



Research Articles