JOURNAL OF AWARENESS <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Journal of Awareness </em></strong>(E-ISSN 2149-6544 &amp; D<em>oi Prefix: 10.26809/joa</em>) is an international refereed journal which started to be published in 2016. <em>The journal aims to include original papers in the main titles of humanities. In this framework, high quality theoretical and applied articles are going to be published.</em> The views and works of academicians, researchers and professionals working in all fileds of humanities are brought together. The articles in the journal is published 4 times a year; WINTER (January), SPRING (April), Summer (July), AUTUMN (October). Journal of Awareness is a free of charge, electronic and open access journal. The DOI number is assigned to all the articles published in the Journal.</p> en-US <p><em>When the&nbsp; article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Awareness</em><em>, authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Rating Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> (Buse AZLAĞ) (Cumali YAŞAR) Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 60 Analysing the perspective of the presidents of France and Hungary on Non-European migrants through their twitter posts <p>Twitter is officially known as the platform with the highest usage among social media elements. Most of the time, politicians announce their resignations from office, new duties and many issues via twitter. Everything shared in this medium ensures that many people are aware of the subject at the same time. Some countries make legal arrangements to impose restrictions on the use of twitter or to prevent hate and insult crimes. This platform, where posts are made about every aspect of our lives, can also be a great source of data. Posts about migrants and comments on these posts from all over the world provide data for those who want to analyse the subject.</p> <p>In Europe, which is accepted as the cradle of democracy and the source of free ideas, it is seen that there are different approaches and discourses for immigrants, especially for non-European immigrants. With Russia's declaration of war on Ukraine, millions of Ukrainians had to leave their country. Previously, Syrians and Afghans were in the same situation and left their countries. It is seen that the harsh measures taken by European countries against immigrants from other countries are not valid for Ukrainians. European countries do not accept this situation. However, this situation is reflected in the discourses of many segments of European societies, especially the heads of state.</p> <p>Discourse is an effective, influential and directive method that can be used in many fields. The aim of this study is to analyse the twitter posts of the Presidents of France and Hungary, who are EU members, in the first 6 months of the Ukraine-Russia war and to reveal that the perspective on migrants differs between Europeans and non-Europeans.</p> Serpil Bardakçı Tosun Copyright (c) 2024 Holistence Publications Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0300 Quantum theory and quantum computation <p style="font-weight: 400;">Quantum theory describes physical reality in a consistent way. It cannot be replaced by a hidden variables theory. Accordingly, in this study, the criteria for quantumness is discussed. Here the contextuality of the observables is of crucial importance. In this manner, known solutions for quantum mechanical computation and information processing is investigated, and the negative Wigner function criterion is mentioned for new problems and new solutions.</p> Ali Can Günhan Copyright (c) 2024 Holistence Publications Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0300 Implementing and evaluating the impact of English vocabulary activities based on digital games <p>Vocabulary acquisition is essential for English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students. This study explores how implementing activities based on digital games optimizes vocabulary learning in the EFL context. Twenty-four Ecuadorian EFL students with A2 English proficiency participated in this research. Vocabulary strategies, authentic and accurate tasks provided real-life context for meaningful communication using digital games such as Kahoot, Quizizz, Quizlet, and Duolingo. In this action research, pre and post-tests, observation checklists, semi structured interviews, and questionnaires were applied to gather information on the participants. The study findings showed that using these technological tools increased students’ vocabulary knowledge and motivation to participate in the classroom. Furthermore, this study analyzed pedagogical implications and suggestions based on students’ perceptions and opinions regarding applying digital games to increase student’s English vocabulary.</p> YuYu Kuan , Carlos Alvarez, Lourdes Cecilia Ruiz, Jardel Santos Copyright (c) 2024 Holistence Publications Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0300 An analysis of armed conflicts: Global trends <p>The aim of the study is to comparatively consider the course of armed conflicts from 1946 to 2021 at the global/ regional level The concept of Armed conflicts, which categorizes conflicts in which both sides resort to the use of force, is discussed in the article within the scope of intra state, inter-state and global conflicts. The study aims to make a comparison and evaluation based on global/regional data without including an explanation of the causes of conflicts. The data of these conflicts were categorized by the author of the article using the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) data on armed conflicts, and interpreted by turning them into graphs by subject.</p> Hayriye Müjde Selcuk Copyright (c) 2024 Holistence Publications Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0300 The multifactor analysis (Environmental, educational and socioeconomic factors) on Turkish life expectancy <p>Although socioeconomic, environmental and medical factors have been improved over the past three decades in Türkiye, countrywide average expected life is still under 80 years today despite the fact that the life expectancy of newborn in the EU was 81.0 years as of 2018 (EUROSTAT, 2019). In this paper, we analyzed factors determining life expectancy in Türkiye. Education, population, forest area, traffic, water use, solid waste produced, economic growth, etc. are taken into account. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between factors and life expectancy in provinces in Türkiye. It was concluded that three statistically significant factors (average year in education, air quality (SO<sub>2</sub>), and tractor count) are exist and determine lifespan of Turkish people.</p> Ertan Kara, Hasan Göksel Özdilek, Burcu Mestav Copyright (c) 2024 Holistence Publications Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0300 Improving mental health and quality of life of aging population <p>Purpose: Old age has interested humanity since ancient times. Initially, old age was associated with wisdom; scientists looked for the causes of aging and death in order to prolong life. Currently, we are faced with the phenomenon of an aging population, but at the same time old age is perceived rather negatively. The accumulation of this discontent with the predominance of the elderly over the young gives rise to the problem of mutual understanding and mutual acceptance of generations. The task of psychologists in this case is to prevent the growth of tension in society and help in establishing contact between representatives of different generations.</p> <p>Due to the complex nature of old age and the many different losses that can be mentally and physically difficult for people in this period of life, it is extremely important to unite specialists from different professions - doctors, psychologists, social workers involved in the care, treatment and support of an elderly person. According to the 2019 World Population Prospects, by 2050, one in six people in the world will be over age 65, up from one in 11 in 2019. By 2050, one in four persons living in Europe and Northern America could be aged 65 or over. In 2018, for the first time in history, persons aged 65 or above outnumbered children under five years of age globally. The number of persons aged 80 years or over is projected to triple, from 143 million in 2019 to 426 million in 2050 (United Nations <a href=""></a> ).</p> <p>Mental health and quality of life of this population have been searched by special institutions, independent researchers, state and non-government organizations. The main aim of this study is to do deep research according to literature analyzing and survey results with elderly population in Azerbaijan.</p> <p>Design, Materials and methods: The main aim of the article is to describe psychological aspects of aging using literature materials and case materials from the survey in 2019-2020, in Azerbaijan.</p> <p>The present study was designed to assess mental health issues of elderly population. Participants (<em>n</em> = 200) were elder groups from Azerbaijan, who completed the WHO QOL Scale, the PHQ-9 and survey Questionnaire.</p> <p>Conclusion: According to the findings of the research, it was determined that there was a significant differences on measures of depression across most demographic categories and figures of depression symptoms between participants with and without a family support (<em>F=1,725; df=152; t=-2,5; sig.p=0,191</em>). However, it was determined that there was a distinctive indicators of Quality of life of older adults, and also about their future expectations (<em>F=2,3; df=198; t=-7,1; sig.p=0.131</em>).</p> <p>According to the literature and the results of the surveys, older adults’ mental health problems and QOL indicators related to conditions, where they live. The depression figures increase when they are faced with different abuse, discrimination. WHO develop special programs to support the mental health of older adults include the development of <a href="">scalable psychological interventions</a> to address various mental health problems, research and guidance on interventions to reduce social isolation and loneliness, and cost–effective solutions to prevent abuse of older adults (WHO, 2023).</p> Aliyeva Gulshan Aliaskar Copyright (c) 2024 Holistence Publications Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0300 Samples of Roman unguentaria from a typological perspective from the Coastal Region of Syria (Latakia city) <p>This paper covers a small group of functional types of glass unguentaria dating back to Roman period that an archaeologist may encounter. Additionally, it primarily presents new, previously unexamined glass specimens unearthed, the unguentaria are classified typologically by shape, and all specimens discussed herein have been recovered from the Syrian Coastal Region (mainly Latakia).</p> <p>Although the samples of glassware from the Roman period selected by the author may seem insufficient for comprehensive research, the main objective of this article is to provide a reliable presentation of glass unguentaria prevalent throughout Roman Syria at the mentioned sites. In addition, this article provides an explanation, documentation, and classification of Roman period unguentaria pieces based on their archaeological context.</p> <p>The period from the 1<sup>st</sup> century to the end of the 3<sup>rd</sup> century AD is considered to be the height of Roman glass production, usage, and distribution; with glass becoming so ubiquitous in all daily matters of Roman life. Additionally, their use in funerary rites became more prevalent. Academic consensus on the topic of Roman glass in general, and on unguentaria in particular; suggests that they were mainly used to hold and store scented oils, cosmetic products, perfumes, and/or sacred perfumed ointments. Further, the common reoccurrence of ¬specimens at burial sites confirms their roles as votive offerings in tombs during funerary religious rites.&nbsp; Despite being commonplace objects, and despite the variations in their styles, research into the location and significance of glass production centers around the Mediterranean remains lacking.</p> Sarah Hammoud Copyright (c) 2024 Holistence Publications Wed, 31 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0300