Healthcare enterprises on the verge of planetary boundaries vision quests for performance measurement and reporting: (balanced score card / ıntegrated reporting)

Abstract views: 52 / PDF downloads: 25




Planetary Boundaries, Continuity, Sustainability, Sustainable Reporting, Balanced Scorecard, Integrated Reporting, Value, Sustainability Performance


The balance and stability of the Earth is described as an interconnected system with nine boundaries. The negative effects of businesses on the environment in exceeding planetary boundaries are so great that in the face of this negative situation; states, governments and businesses agree on addressing it with a planetary sense of responsibility. This year, the 28th Conference of the Parties (COP 28) of the United Nations was held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, between 30 November and 12 December 2023. 'Loss and Damage Fund' was established within the scope of the summit. The phrase 'fossil fuel' appeared for the first time. In the text, the goal of moving away from fossil-based energy systems in a fair, systematic and equitable manner by accelerating actions by 2030 in order to reach net zero emissions by 2050 was determined. Countries and companies have signed declarations of intent and declarations for lower emissions. 39 countries signed the 'Hydrogen Declaration of Intent'. Thus, the way was opened for cooperation in the recognition of hydrogen certification programs and the use of hydrogen potential worldwide. More than 50 oil and gas companies have declared their commitment to the Oil and Gas Decarbonization Charter (OGDC). OGDC set ambitious targets such as stopping routine combustion by 2030 and achieving net zero operations by 2050. Among the items were phasing out coal power plants, accelerating renewable energy sources and expanding low-emission technologies.

The main agenda was "Food safety, Water, health for the first time". In achieving the 2050 zero carbon target and leaving a livable world to future generations

  • Economic management should be a part of macro policies and should be embraced at the highest level.
  • Building a new and sustainable financial system,
  • Dissemination of sustainable investments
  • Transforming commitments into legal goals and concrete actions
  • What was planned and committed was not realized and
  • It is not possible to produce any solution unless it turns into action.

In summary; Now is the time for action, not commitment...

All these agenda items are an indication that the process of turning commitments into action will accelerate. Now, from societies to investors, from consumers to governments, the terms "Sustainability" or "Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG)" have meaning beyond expressing environmental problems such as climate change and resource scarcity and have become important in determining business value.

Using a planetary boundaries lens forces us to look beyond the carbon tunnel vision that many organizations have when considering sustainability to look at broader biophysical earth systems. This study aims to provide a road map on what planetary boundaries are, why they are important for health businesses, and how health businesses can integrate planetary boundaries into their business strategies. In addition, this study also aims to reveal the concept of Integrated Reporting and its role in corporate sustainability, providing a road map for how healthcare businesses can overcome the challenges and benefit from the opportunities of this developing field.


Download data is not yet available.


ARCHER, D. (2010). The Global Carbon Cycle. Scribd Edition, Princeton&Oxford. Princeton University Press.s.159-160.

ARCHER, D. & RAHMSTORF, S. (2010). The Climate Crisis: An Introductory Guide to Climate Change. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.s.17-18.

BERNERS-LEE M. & CLARK D (2013) The Burning Question. We Can’t Burn Half the World’s Oil, Coal and Gas. So How Do We Quit?, London,

CRUTZEN, P. J, (2002) Geology of Mankind. Nature 415: 23,;

CLARK, D. (2013) Which Companies Caused Global Warming?, The Guardian, 21 November,

ÇOŞKUN, İ. L. (2021) Süreklilikten Sürdürülebilirliğe Bir Kurumsal Sürdürülebilirlik Yolculuğu, Artasan Yayınları, İstanbul.

DUNLAP R E vd. (2001). Politics and Environment in America: Partisan and Ideological Cleavages in Public Support for Environmentalism. Environmental Politics, 10(4), 23-48.

ECCLES, R. G., KRZUS, M. P. & RIBOT, S. (2014), The Integrated Reporting Movement: Meaning, Momentum, Motives, and Materiality.

ELMACI, O. & EMRE, Ş. (2021), Sürdürebilirlik Performansını Değerlendirme Ölçeği, Gazi Kitapevi, Ankara.

GRAY R.& MİLNER M. (2002), Sustainability Reporting: Who's Kidding Whom?, Chartered Accountants Journal of New Zealand, Sayı: 6, ss.: 66-70.

GODSCHALK, D. R. (2003). Urban Hazard Mitigation: Creating Resilient Cities. Natural Hazards Review, 4, 136-143.

HANCIOĞLU Y. (2007), An Empirical Analysis of Triple Bottom-Line Reporting and Its Determinants: Evidence From the United States and Japan. Journal of International Financial Management and Accounting, 18(2), 123-150.

ELKINGTON, J. (2004), The Triple Bottom Line Does It All Add Up, Edition 1st Edition Pub. Location London, 208 Pages Ebook ISBN 9781849773348.

KAPLAN, R. S. & NORTON, D. P., (2009), Balanced Score Card, Egeli, Serra (Çev.), Sistem Yayıncılık, 5.Baskı, İstanbul.

SLACK, N. (1987), The flexibility of manufacturing systems, International Journal of Operations &Production Management, 7(4), 35-45.

YÜNLÜ, M. (2020) Türkiye’deki Muhasebe Uygulamalarının Tarihsel Gelişimi ve Günümüzdeki Durumu, Muhasebe ve Finans Tarihi Araştırmaları Dergisi, 20/Ocak (18); (180-192)

WRIGHT, C. & NYBERG, D. (2015), Climate Change, Capitalism, and Corporations, Cambridge University Presss.6-7.






How to Cite

Elmacı, O. (2024). Healthcare enterprises on the verge of planetary boundaries vision quests for performance measurement and reporting: (balanced score card / ıntegrated reporting). JOURNAL OF LIFE ECONOMICS, 11(2), 85–97.



Invited Article