JOURNAL OF LIFE ECONOMICS <p style="text-align: justify;">Journal of Life Economics <strong>(E-ISSN: 2148-4139 &amp; DOI Prefix: 10.15637)</strong> is <strong>an international peer-reviewed </strong>and<strong> periodical journal.</strong> It aims to create a forum on economic rationale of life. It brings together the views and studies of academicians, researchers and professionals working in economics. The journal aims to include original papers in the main titles of economics. In this framework, high quality theoretical and applied articles are going to be published. Journal of Life Economics includes studies in fields such as Economics, Business and Marketing, Finance, Accounting, Banking, Econometrics, Labor Economics, and so on. The articles in the Journal is published in 4 times a year; WINTER (January), SPRING (April), SUMMER (July) and AUTUMN (October).</p> en-US <p><em>When the article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Life Economics</em><em>, authors transfer all copyright in the article to the Holistence Publications</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights. </em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> (Buse AZLAĞ) (İlknur HERSEK SARI) Sun, 30 Apr 2023 13:25:17 +0300 OJS 60 Investigation of the change in the field of insurance led by technological developments in the health sector <p>In recent years, technological developments have led to radical changes, especially in the health industry, as expected. As a result of the innovation implemented in the field, increasing social awareness, public regulations, facilitating access to health services, and increasing preventive health services, human life span is getting longer day by day. Accordingly, the demand for health insurances is increasing and the policy holding period is getting longer. The awareness created by the Covid-19 pandemic, which has deeply affected all humanity in many areas in recent years, has had an important role in the increase in insurance awareness, which depends on factors such as the increase in the urban population, social changes, differentiating lifestyles and trends, education and welfare level. This study aims to reveal the change that the innovation put into practice in the light of current technological developments in the health sector, in a way that creates value for the customers, in health insurance. In addition, the study sheds light on the sector by examining the changing insurance business with new business models and applications developed accordingly. In this study, the impacts of insurance companies’ technology-supported new applications, websites, periodicals about the sector, sector bulletins, articles and similar resources on the sector are examined. As a result of this study, many individual and social benefits of innovative technological applications, which have an intense use in all sectors, are revealed in the field of health. However, it is observed that the comparison between the two sectors, especially its contribution to competitive advantage, profitability and efficiency, has led to significant changes in the practice and business manners of the insurance sector.</p> Ali Akdemir, Ebru Gözükara, F.Oben Ürü, Lale Tezcan (Author) Copyright (c) 2023 JOURNAL OF LIFE ECONOMICS Sun, 30 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Revenues of the Ottoman State in its classical era <p>Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmaniyye, aka the Ottoman Empire, had a special place among all the states founded in the Southeast Asia, in terms of geographic scope and longevity. It inherited some of the the means that it used in acquiring the economic surplus of what it called memâlik-i mahrûse, the lands within its borders, but it also make some contributions to this fiscal tradition, like the esham applications in the following periods The classical era of the empire (1300-1600 AD), is the most appropriate time interval for those who wish to take a picture of its fiscal structure which transformed to a considerable extent following this era. Our study aims to contribute to this portrayal by focusing on the revenues of Devlet-i Aliyye, the most important components of its public finances.</p> Kutlu Dane (Author) Copyright (c) 2023 JOURNAL OF LIFE ECONOMICS Sun, 30 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Tax management and the need for ecological tax reform in Türkiye <p>The Turkish tax system is thorough and contemporary in nature, and it equally protects the taxpayers’ rights and the public weal. Therefore, an efficient tax administration with determined and rational policies can ensure the fair collection and redistribution of taxes, which are significant sources of public revenue. A number of adjustments can be made to increase the efficacy of tax management, including avoiding tax amnesties, improving voluntary tax compliance, simplifying tax legislation, and updating tax administration. Consequently, it is probable that the tax administration, which has no trouble collecting taxes, will create fiscal policies to address urgent problems such as the climate crisis and environmental degradation. In fact, it is widely accepted that taxes can be a useful tool in the fight against ecological problems, and ecological tax implementations that aim to halt environmental deterioration without depriving the public revenue are commonly used in literature. However, environmental taxes implemented in developed countries seen as a source of revenue in Türkiye. In order to reduce the problems caused by the global climate crisis in Türkiye through ecological tax practices, the need for an effective tax governance system will be investigated throughout this research.</p> Gökhan Aslan, Ayşe Yiğit Şakar (Author) Copyright (c) 2023 JOURNAL OF LIFE ECONOMICS Sun, 30 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Slow cities of the fast digitalized world contribution of “Cittaslow Cities” to sustainable local development <p>In the antiquity, we know of its signature motifed to the walls, and in today’s digitizing world of speed, modern technology can be monitored by intelligent communication tools, fingerprint and eye retinas; iot, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, co-robots, integrated with big data, smart house lives comfortably with remote, intelligent autonomous systems like cars, phones, smart factories.</p> <p>While this is the case, human digital civilization has faced the threat of cyber security and digitization of personal data becoming a hegemony. Nowadays, mankind struggling with the Covid-19 pandemic, fighting climate crisis and scarce resources, is preparing to take another step toward science and humanity by exploring habitable planets thousands of light -years away from the Earth, hoping to continue its generation.</p> <p>With the acceptance of digital new technologies, capitalist systems trigger the consumption perception of the masses with quickly accessible information independent of time and space, and with the marketing and advertising strategy create Global Markets in many production and service sectors, such as finance, health, education, tourism, social media, agriculture, industry, food and logistics.</p> <p>In this context, “Cittaslow Towns”, which is referred to as the Slow Cities of the digitalized fast world, offers a sustainable local development model with the concept of “produce locally - consume locally” that serves actual tourism with the philosophy of slow life, calm city, calm neighborhood, slow food, slow movement, slow tourist. More productive, peaceful, slow, calm, quiet with Cittaslow Towns, he’s very aware, hospitable, thoughtful, helpful, crafts, The Cittaslow logo, with its nature and traditions, is intended to spread social societies with high levels of prosperity, where people who have the history and cultural heritage of the past, such as the tracks the snail left behind.</p> <p>The Cittaslow movement based in Orvieto, Italy was founded in October 1999, and today there are 287 city members from 33 countries around the world. Turkey joined the Cittaslow international network of Seferihisar in 2009 and today there are 22 members in 18 cities which is accepted last one Finike. In June 2022, Izmir, Cittaslow Metropol Project, Cittaslow International Union and Izmir Metropolitan Municipality were entitled to become the world’s first Cittaslow metropolis.</p> <p>This study focuses on the Cittaslow movement’s contribution to sustainable local development as an actual tourism with ecosystem co-operation of global organizations such as Local Governments, Cittaslow International Union, World Municipality Association.</p> Zülcenah Şahin (Author) Copyright (c) 2023 JOURNAL OF LIFE ECONOMICS Sun, 30 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0300