JOURNAL OF AWARENESS <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Journal of Awareness </em></strong>(E-ISSN 2149-6544 &amp; D<em>oi Prefix: 10.26809/joa</em>) is an international refereed journal which started to be published in 2016. <em>The journal aims to include original papers in the main titles of humanities. In this framework, high quality theoretical and applied articles are going to be published.</em> The views and works of academicians, researchers and professionals working in all fileds of humanities are brought together. The articles in the journal is published 4 times a year; WINTER (January), SPRING (April), Summer (July), AUTUMN (October). Journal of Awareness is a free of charge, electronic and open access journal. The DOI number is assigned to all the articles published in the Journal.</p> en-US <p><em>When the&nbsp; article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Awareness</em><em>, authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Rating Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> (Prof. Dr. Turgay BERKSOY) (Ali ÖZTEKİN) Tue, 18 Aug 2020 22:58:19 +0000 OJS 60 CHILDREN IN THE PROCESS OF CONSUMER SOCIALIZATION AND SUBLIMINAL MESSAGES USED IN CARTOONS <p><em>Childhood is very important in the process of consumer socialization. The judgments that the individual gained in childhood are determinative in the perception of consumption and behavior as a consumer. In childhood, cartoons are watched repeatedly. In recent years, subconscious placements are frequently seen in cartoons, mostly in foreign productions. Subconscious messages are messages prepared below the awareness thresholds of individuals. Also, the effects of these messages on children are more pronounced than adults. The prediction that the subconscious can direct the decisions and behaviors of the individual, therefore, offers an area of intervention for those who want to have an influence on the behavior of individuals. These messages, which are exposed without consent and avoidance, are used in cartoons with remarkable frequency. The subliminal messages hidden in these films support the efforts of films to find a place in children's awareness, to put heroes into their imagination, and thus to become consumers of all the products of the film. In this study, first of all, the concepts of subliminal messages and consumer socialization are introduced and the possible effects expected with subliminal messages intentionally placed in many cartoons are discussed.</em></p> Zeynep Yelda KADIOĞLU Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 WHAT FACTORS PREVENT INDEPENDENT DIRECTORS FROM PROTECTING INTERESTS OF SHAREHOLDERS IN CASES OF CONFLICT OF INTEREST? <p><em>One way to mitigate agency conflicts between shareholders and managers in publicly traded companies with dispersed ownership is supplementation of independent outside directors to the board, who can monitor the top executives and prevent them from malfeasances. However, in conflict of interest situations, independent board members are not always enabled to oppose senior managers, particularly CEOs, who put their personal interests above those of shareholders. In such cases, the efforts of independent directors to monitor managers will be unsuccessful, which, in turn, may result in the latter receiving unjustified personal benefits at the expense of shareholders. Active participation of independent directors in resolving situations where interests of these groups do not align ensures the mitigation of tension and the proper functioning of the company. Thus, the establishment of cases where independent outsiders cannot fulfill their basic duties of shielding shareholders appears to be rather a significant issue. </em></p> Murad JAFARLI Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPACT OF HEALTH VALUE ON FOOD CHOICE IN RESTAURANT CUSTOMERS: A COMPARISON IN TERMS OF BODY-MASS INDEX (BMI) <p><em>The best method to maintain a healthy life is healthy food choice. As for the healthy food choice itself, it is related to placing value on health. The aim of the study is to determine the impact of health value on healthy food choice in restaurant customers. The data were gathered through a questionnaire, which was developed based on the literature review. The questionnaire was conducted on 01.05-31.07.2018 on restaurant customers between the ages of 20-69, who lived in Kayseri, and dined out at least once a year. Quota sampling was employed in the implementation of the survey on the basis of towns and age groups. A total of 1286 surveys were analysed via factor, regression and variance analysis, as well as single sample t-test. Health value had a positive impact on healthy food choice among the underweight participants (β: 0,339), the participants with normal weight (β: 0,143), the overweight participants (β:-0,684), and the participants with the 1st degree of obesity (β: 0,152) while it had a negative impact on healthy food choice among the participants with the 2nd degree of obesity (β: 0,162). As for the participants with the 3rd degree of obesity, health value was found out to have no impact on healthy food choice.</em></p> A. Celil ÇAKICI, Erşan YILDIZ Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 EVALUATION OF DISTANCE LEARNING BY TOURISM UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN THE PROCESS OF CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) <p><em>In this study, since the Covid-19 process obliges internet-based distance education, it is aimed to determine the opinions of tourism students about this education method and to evaluate the internet-based distance education system. In this context, the data of the study were collected in the period of 21 March-24 April 2020, which is the undergraduate spring semester course of Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Tourism Faculty. According to the results of the research, it has been observed that the majority of the tourism undergraduate students (approximately 86%) of Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University can follow the distance education course system. It is noteworthy that especially male students find distance-learning lessons more effective and have more satisfaction. In addition, it is seen that the support services, learning conditions, evaluation system in distance education, the effectiveness of the program, and the personal suitability of students to this new system are important determinants of the distance education course satisfaction of the students participating in the research. Within the scope of the study, some suggestions were made to universities and various public and private stakeholders. In particular, it is recommended to the Higher Education Institution (YÖK) to form the infrastructure of the local internet-based distance education system.</em></p> Buket BULUK, Bekir EŞİTTİ Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 CONSTRUCTING THE CONCEPT OF THE PHYSICAL INTERNET AS OPPOSED TO THE CONCEPT OF LOGISTICS WITH A VIEW TO ESTABLISHING THE PARADIGM OF SOCIETY-BUSINESS-TECHNOLOGY AS PART OF INDUSTRY 4.0 <p><em>Concepts such as present-day mentality, human activities, technology, social and economic environments and organisational climate have had to undergo constant change following Industrial Revolutions. These changes in the management world have created a new value in production and service sectors. Supported by technology and device s that autonomously communicate with each other, these chains have ensured more modernized production processes. As the most recent trend, Industry 4.0 provides appropriate systems, physical attributes and diverse technologies that can cater for the future needs of economies by means of its initiation into business life with the motto of technological change and restructuring.</em></p> <p><em>The present study aim stories awareness of the concept of the Physical Internet, which is believed to provide new solutions to the field of logistics, and is an open global logistic system that has re defined existing supply chain structures, as well as current business and value creating models. This concept provides privileges in terms of transporting abstract and concrete products of enter prises via internet all over the world, as well as storing and supplying them.</em></p> <p><em>Consequently, the aim of the present study includes theoretically analysing the concept of the Physical Internet, which is one of the technological solutions provided by Industry 4.0, by means of literature review, which is defined as second-hand data, along with developing a different view point on enterprises’ vision and knowledge, and ensuring that enterprises do not miss the opportunity to restructure themselves. For an enterprise to be powerful, it is required to seize on opportunities and employ them in internal dynamics. Hence, if enterprises aspire to create value chains in the in activities, they should primarily seize on opportunities with the help of Industry 4.0, which is considered to be the future industrial revolution, adapt them to their own structures, and, in turn, be new generation enterprises by raising awareness.</em></p> <p><em>Concisely, the aim of the study is to bring a new perspective on logistic activities with the concept of the Physical Internet, ensure there vision of the current situation, and offer a solution to society-business-technology paradigm.</em></p> Naci Atalay DAVUTOĞLU Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 AN ANALYSIS ON THE CRITERIA SELECTION AND THEMATIC LINKS OF UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE: CASE OF TURKEY <p><em>To be accepted for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List, the cultural property must meet at least one criteria from the selection criteria (i–vi), satisfy conditions of authenticity/integrity, and have an adequate management system. These are the three pillars of outstanding universal value. To determine the criteria, thematic studies on the cultural heritage sites are essential. The thematic framework published by ICOMOS serves as a guide for the success of the thematic studies.</em></p> <p><em>In this article, the six criteria used for cultural heritage sites were examined by observing their links with the thematic framework. As a result of the article, the importance of the choosing the right themes and expressing them with criteria was emphasized in order to be accepted nominated properties to the World Heritage List.</em></p> Şehnaz ERASLAN Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 CRISIS OF FEMININE IDENTITY: A CRITICAL STUDY OF OSCAR WILDE’S LADY WINDERMERE’S FAN FROM FEMINIST PERSPECTIVE <p><em>This study explores the play Lady Windermere’s Fan by Oscar Wilde, and the feminist figures in the play and their role, to illustrate the dominant control of men in the Victorian period. And the discrimination towards women as a human being base on gender. This paper shows a piece of brief information about the author for what it has to do with Lady Windermere’s fan events. And demonstrates the feminism meaning and its impact on the events of the play, besides a short summary of the play. This paper focuses on the role of the fallen woman and how the author gradually transforms the audience's thinking about the fallen woman and contradicts the conventional view of it. And illustrate the inferiority view of women in the Victorian era and how the woman only meant to be part of domestic life. In addition to the motherhood and how a fallen woman acts with that in Victorian society according to Wilde’s point of view.</em></p> Dulfqar Mhaibes ABDULRAZZAQ, Mohammed ABBAS Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 COVID-19 AND HEALTH TOURSIM <p><em>The study was prepared to evaluate the immediate and possible effects of the pandemic diagnosed as a new type of coronavirus (Covid-19) (T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı, 2020) in the context of health tourism. The study was prepared with document analysis technique, which is one of the qualitative research methods. This is intended, World Health Organization, OECD, T.C. Ministry of Health instant sharing documents, reports, news examined and evaluated within the scope of health tourism. The obtained data in accordance with the Covidien-19 treatment process emerged as an effective opportunity to turn the epidemic proactive behavior towards Turkey's health tourism is expected to have a positive impact.</em></p> Ebru BAĞÇI, Cansu UZUN, Aziz BOSTAN Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 CREATING BASIC LIFE SUPPORT APPLICATION AWARENESS WITH THEATER <p><em>First Aid is a set of applications that require rapid intervention with the facilities at the scene in emergency emergencies. Serious disability and death may occur if the applications are performed unconsciously. In order to apply a conscious first aid, the first aid should include; knowledge, skills, calm and self-confidence. The most basic element in gaining these features is education. Trainings should encourage the individual, gain skills and be designed to be real. The “Training on Basic Life Support Application Awareness Training with Theater” project focuses on the insufficiency of the applications that must be done by the people at the scene in the first minutes after the incident before ambulance and hospital interventions. With the trainings within the scope of the project, it is aimed to create awareness of life saving chain. The project consists of different stages. In every stage, the applications that should and should not be done are emphasized. 677 people have been reached in 27 awareness trainings that are carried out within the scope of the project, mostly between January and September 2019, in the Aegean Region. In the evaluation made after the training, the satisfaction score was 96%. The self-confidence rate of the participants regarding the sudden cardiac arrest before and after the training was evaluated. As a result; Basic Life Support awareness trainings should be expanded and the society should be made conscious.</em></p> Dilek DORUK KONDAKCI, Mustafa YORGANCI Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE 31 MARCH INCIDENT IN TURKISH POLITICAL LIFE AND THE ROLE OF THE COMMITTEE OF UNION AND PROGRESS <p><em>The 31 March Incident is one of the important developments in the Ottoman-Turkish political life. This event, which emerged in Istanbul with the declaration of the Second Constitutional Era, first developed as a military revolt, but in time it became a religious state. As a result of the events that caused many soldiers and civilian casualties, Abdul Hamid II. was brought down from the throne and replaced by Mehmed Reşad V. The political thoughts that emerged with the announcement of the Second Constitutional Era caused different polarizations in the society. With the reflection of this tension in the society to the army, the school-sarcastic tension emerged within the army. The Committee of Union and Progress, which tried to provide political activity in this period, had an important share in the emergence of the 31 March Incident. The Committee of Union and Progress, which could not fully control the political administration despite the proclamation of the Constitution, caused an increase in political instability. This article examines the 31 March Incident caused by political tensions in society and the military, and discusses the effects of this event on Ottoman-Turkish political life.</em></p> Hasan ACAR, Gökmen GÖK Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 NEW PERIOD IN AIRPORTS AEROTROPOLIS STRUCTURES: ISTANBUL AIRPORT CASE <p><em>From the beginning of aviation to the present day, many changes and developments such as people's living conditions, technology and innovation have occurred along with the demands and needs. In terms of the width of the area required by the airports, it is generally in question to be positioned outside the living areas. Due to the fact that aerotropolis concept has emerged, because centered located airports save time to the users. Along with the global epidemic Covid-19, which emerged in 2019, the importance of interconnected commercial structures in aerotropolis structures also comes to the fore. Thanks to the communication between the stakeholders in the structure, it will be possible to get rid of the harm caused by the epidemic more easily.</em></p> <p><em>Aerotropologies in which the airports such as Schiphol, Dallas / Fort Worth, Changi and Dubai can be shown among the examples have been examined within the scope of the study. With the literature review and the review of official websites in 2018, data on airports were collected. Then the first aerotropolis airport to be held in Turkey's case has been investigated Istanbul Airport. Information about Istanbul Airport was obtained through qualitative research methods, interview method and the examination of official websites. As a result, together with the data obtained from the sample aerotropes, the properties of the aerotropes were determined and it was revealed how much of the said Istanbul Airport has these features.</em></p> Elif BOLAT, Vildan DURMAZ Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFECT OF COVID-19 TO COLD CHAIN LOGISTICS <p><em>The Covid-19 virus, which emerged in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and spread all over the world, caused a global crisis. The crisis has adversely affected many sectors. In this study, it was aimed to reveal the effect of Covid-19 on logistics and especially cold chain logistics. For this purpose, secondary data are used. Articles, reports and circulars written about the sector were examined. It was concluded that at the beginning of the Covid-19 process, the sectoral acceleration was negative, and with the implementation of the contactless trade practice, it had a positive trend within the scope of improvement. In line with the results obtained in the study, various suggestions were made to increase the sectoral development and to create and change infrastructures in order to be prepared for possible situations.</em></p> Sabire YAZICI Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE FEATURES OF POPULATION GEOGRAPHY OF AFYONKARAHİSAR <p><em>Afyonkarahisar is located in the inner West Anatolian part of the Aegean region and at an important junction point in terms of transportation. In 1927, when the first census of the republican period was carried out, while Afyonkarahisar was the 18th most populous city in the country with a population of 258.743 people, by 2019, its population reached 729.483 but declined to 31st in the country. Afyonkarahisar, which has a very mountonious structure, Since it could not provide its economic development at the desired level, it send imigrants primarily to İzmir and its surrounding cities metropolitan cities such as İstanbul and Ankara. In the province, whose economy is based on agriculture and animal husbandry, approximately 40.2% of the population lives in rural areas as of 2019.</em></p> <p><em>In this study, some characteristics of the population of the city of Afyonkarahisar have been examined within the scope of population geography. In this context, development of the population of the province during the republic period, growth rates over the years, rural-urban rates, gender and age structure, migrations and the distribution in the province was examined during the census years. </em></p> Fatih AYHAN Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND DISADVANTAGE GROUPS IN 21st CENTURY <p><em>Social problems refer to situations in which people are exposed to social inequalities because of various reasons. Efforts to identify or solve the social problems caused by different variables are shaped by power elites within the economic structure. This shaping process places some groups at the center of society but excludes some groups. Outsiders are generally disadvantaged groups who are vulnerable due to their economic situation, gender, ethnic and linguistic origins, religion or political status. This study addresses the social problems, the people who are disadvantaged by these social problems and the social exclusion process in the 21st century. </em></p> Aylin YILDIRIM AYKURT Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FUNCTION FROM REPUBLIC TO THE PRESENT IN HAKKARİ PROVINCE <p><em>In terms of educational indicators, the province of Hakkari has remained below the country average since the Republic. Some general characteristics of the province have led to lag in terms of educational function. Due to its geographical location and structure, transportation and communication facilities have not developed in the province, which has been in an isolated region throughout history. Also being far from the important urban centers of the country and the security problems in the region have negatively affected the development of educational opportunities.</em></p> Beyda SADIKOĞLU, Mesut DOĞAN Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000