JOURNAL OF AWARENESS https://journals.gen.tr/joa <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Journal of Awareness </em></strong>(E-ISSN 2149-6544 &amp; D<em>oi Prefix: 10.26809/joa</em>) is an international refereed journal which started to be published in 2016. <em>The journal aims to include original papers in the main titles of humanities. In this framework, high quality theoretical and applied articles are going to be published.</em> The views and works of academicians, researchers and professionals working in all fileds of humanities are brought together. The articles in the journal is published 4 times a year; WINTER (January), SPRING (April), Summer (July), AUTUMN (October). Journal of Awareness is a free of charge, electronic and open access journal. The DOI number is assigned to all the articles published in the Journal.</p> en-US <p><em>When the&nbsp; article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Awareness</em><em>, authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Rating Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> joa@ratingacademy.com.tr (Prof. Dr. Turgay BERKSOY) ratingacademy@ratingacademy.com (Ali ÖZTEKİN) Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 AN ANALYSIS TO MEASURE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS' PERCEPTIONS OF PUBLIC PERSONNEL AND PUBLIC PERSONNEL SYSTEM: THE CASE OF GEDİZ VOCATIONAL SCHOOL https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1243 <p><em>There is a direct relationship between the problems of Turkish Public Administration and public personnels and public personnel system. Despite various critical approaches towards public personnels, there is a widespread tendency among young people to become public personnel. In this context, it is important to determine the personnel system and their approaches to becoming public personnel. For these purposes, survey questions were directed to the students of Gediz Vocational School. The questionnaire consists of including multiple choice, list, category and ranking question types. The data obtained were evaluated with the SPSS 20.0 program. Descriptive statistical methods were used to evaluate the data. In the study, it was concluded that the students mostly have positive opinions about public personnel and public personnel system. In addition, the high rate of undecided students is also noteworthy. Finally, it was understood that students' tendency to become public personnel is quite high. thoughts and evaluations of university students on public personnels and public personnel system. This study aims to determine the thoughts and evaluations of university students about the public personnels and the public.</em></p> Yusuf UYSAL, Yıldız ATMACA Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1243 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE INTERACTION BETWEEN GENDER ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION OF HAPPINESS: AN APPLICATION ON UNIVERSITY STUDENTS https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1222 <p><em>Gender attitude is the concept defines the roles and behaviors that society and cultural structure expect from women and men throughout their lives. Gender equality emphasizes that women and men should have equal rights and opportunities and should not be gender-dependent. On the other hand, gender inequality can be defined as inequality in accessing resources and opportunities by sex. The effects of gender inequality can be observed in couples' relationships and social events in daily life. It is not possible to deny the role of gender inequality on people’s and society’s happiness level since it is one of the most important dynamics of social life. In this study, the relationship between gender attitudes and happiness perceptions of individuals were analyzed by using micro data. Within the scope of the study “Attitude Scale Regarding Gender Roles”, which is validated and reliable in the literature, was applied to a randomly selected sample. The sample was designed using both multistage sampling and stratified sampling techniques together. Stratification was planned on the basis of faculties. The prepared questionnaire was applied to a random sample of 3403 university students. The data collected were analyzed by homogeneity analysis and two-step cluster analysis, which are some of the Optimal Scaled Multivariate Analysis techniques. According to the results, it was observed that individuals whose gender attitude is relatively egalitarian are moderately happy and also, are the happiest with themselves. In addition, it is remarkable that the categories of success and love are closely located. Individuals with relatively more traditional attitude describe themselves as very happy. Additively it was determined that their source of happiness is their families, while the concept that makes them most happy is “health”. The findings are corroborated with the two-step cluster analysis results.</em></p> Selay GİRAY YAKUT, Gülen ARIKAN KOKKAYA, Ceren CAMKIRAN, Bilge BAŞCI Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1222 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE DRIVERS OFFENSIVE BEHAVIOR IN THE TRAFFIC: CASE OF ÇANAKKALE https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1217 <p><em>Traffic accidents are usually happens with reasons connected driver and vehicle, weather conditions, road and environment features. Analyses made on traffic accidents indicates that, main proportion of the accidents derive from drivers’ behaviors. In this study the weight of drivers’ behaviors in traffic on displaying aggressive behavior was examined. The questionnaire technique employed to obtain the data. In this context, the data from 214 drivers obtained and analyzed. Taking risk, enlightenment, straining, and aggression dimensions are the scale of the questionnaire form. The relationship between latent variables examined by employing Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). The model specified that increase on drivers' knowledge about traffic rules cause decrease on seeking excitement and risky behaviours. Increases ön drivers seeking excitement on traffic and behaviours of taking risk cause increase on aggressive behaviours to the other drivers and stakeholders. The another finding is that when the seeking excitement on traffic ıncreases, adapting to the trafic rules on compulsory cases decreases and risky behaviours ıncreases. It investigated that, when the behaviors of taking risk and searching excitement increases, the behavior of aggression increasing too.</em></p> Bahattin HAMARAT, Erol DURAN Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1217 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 THE VOICE OF THE EUROSCEPTICISM IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENTIDENTITY AND DEMOCRACY GROUP https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1226 <p><em>Although the opposing views on the European integration process were seen during the establishment of the European Union, the criticisms made against the existence and policies of the Union in recent years have led to an increase in Euroscepticism in the European Union. Euroscepticism, which was first used by Margaret Thatcher in the 1980s and came to the fore especially with the Maastricht Treaty, constitutes a very important agenda item in terms of questioning the future of the Union. In this direction, the study will focus on the representation of Eurosceptic parties in the European Parliament through party-based Euroscepticism, after firstly laying down the foundations of the concept of Euroscepticism in the European Union. In the 2019 European Parliament elections, unlike previous elections, Eurosceptic parties gathered under one roof and started to act monophonically instead of dispersing among different groups, which is an important indicator of the increasing importance of Euroscepticism in the European Union. In this context, the study will try to explain and address Euroscepticism through the Identity and Democracy Group. </em></p> Hasan BOZTÜRK Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1226 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 CULTURAL TOURISM OF MONTENEGRO https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1037 <p><em>In this paper the proposed approaches to the management of cultural tourism and tourism in general are considered. The first is a review of the historical context of cultural tourism, and, through the collection of the opinions of numerous authors, an overview of the concept itself. Then there was a parallel between broken concepts, culture and tourism, and synergy and networking of these two terms. Furthermore, Montenegro is taken to be the study case, as country which has been recognizable in previous years, as one of the prosperous tourist countries in the region and beyond. Montenegrin cultural tourism and tourism in general were analyzed since the restoration of Montenegrin independence in 2006. The SWOT method was used, the application of which were obtained qualitative results that define the guidelines and suggestions for further development of cultural tourism and tourism in general in Montenegro.</em></p> Nikola M. VUKČEVIĆ, Nina VUKČEVIĆ Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1037 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 ORAL CULTURE AND WRITING OBSESSION https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1244 <p><em>In cultural history, oral cultural narratives have a priority in the transfer of knowledge and experience. However, in the face of the dominant culture of the written tradition, which has come into play as a political tool and necessarily, although the oral culture did not disappear, its meaning and function changed. Along with the fact that oral narratives are the subject of scientific research, the meaning change has gained a new dimension due to the textualism that prevails in the minds of researchers. Oral cultural narratives have been evaluated as arbitrary, imaginary fictions as remnants of the past and cultural heritage in societies dominated by textuality. On the other hand, in societies where oral culture is dominant, verbal narratives take place in the social memory based on the functions they perform and fulfill important functions in the reproduction of sociality. Therefore, in understanding and analyzing the verbal narratives, it is necessary to start from the sociality they are produced from. This study focuses on the difference between written and oral culture and the importance of an anthropological perspective in understanding oral narratives.</em></p> Elif KANCA Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1244 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND POLITICAL ATTITUDES OF THE WORKERS RETURNING HOME https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1215 <p><em>This study examines the impact of Turkish labour migration on political attitudes and behaviour of the workers returning home. It is based on the results of a field study conducted in Yenimahalle District, Ankara. It covers the socio-economic status of the sample workers prior to their going abroad, why and how they went away, their socio-economic status while living abroad and since returning home, and finally their political attitudes and behaviour. The study takes into consideration the fact that the Turkish workers abroad do not form a homogeneous mass, and it is assumed that the entire process of the labour migration as well as their individual political attitudes and behaviour depended on their respective socio-economic status prior to their moving abroad. It is to be concluded, therefore, that the labour migration is not a phenomenon by itself capable of creating social and political transformation, but under specific conditions, could influence such a trend. </em></p> Nigar Neşe KEMİKSİZ Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1215 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURE IN UMURBEY RIVER BASIN (ÇANAKKALE-LAPSEKİ) https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1219 <p><em>Agriculture, is an indispensable sector of the economy due to the production of basic nutrients in meeting human nutritional needs, providing input to other sectors, creating jobs, direct or indirect contributions to exports. Technological advances and the application of modern agricultural methods make it necessary to determine the natural and human potential of basins where agricultural activities are carried out. In this study, It is aimed to identify the natural and human environmental factors that affect agriculture in the Umurbey River Basin and therefore contribute to the development of agriculture in this basin. For this purpose, topographical maps and various statistics of the the basin were used. ArcGIS10 program was also used to explain the spatial characteristics of the research site more clearly. Field studies conducted during the study period contributed greatly to the current state analysis of the agricultural activities of the basin, determining the physical and human factors and problems that affect them. This basin has a great potential in terms of agriculture. As of 2018, 81,549 decars (22.1%) of the total area of the basin (339,354 decars) were agricultural areas, while 86,670 tons of plant production were manifactured. 19,247 decars agricultural areas were not used in agricultural activities in 2018. In this basin, reduced rainfall in summer, forested areas, mountainous and hilly topography limit the agricultural areas. Inability to use agricultural potential efficiently, irrigation problems, soil problems and erosion, as well as the threat of settling in agricultural areas and improper use of land, unused agricultural areas, problems in animal husbandry, decrease in the economic return of agricultural products, migration of the young population, lack of knowledge and education on agriculture, inadequacy in marketing and branding, etc. constitute the main problems in the Umurbey Stream basin. Limited studies that will contribute to the development of agricultural activities in the basin increase the importance of this study from a field point of view.</em></p> Canan Zehra ÇAVUŞ, Cennet KIRMIZI ERDAL Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1219 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 IMPACTS OVER THE TURKEY OF THE EU PROGRESS REPORT WITHIN THE SCOPE OF IRREGULAR MIGRATION https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1164 <p><em>Every year, tens of thousands of irregular migrants try to cross into European countries via Turkey. The phenomenon of irregular migration has been one of the biggest problems of Turkey and especially of the European Union. Turkey is seen as a gateway to Europe by Asian and African migrants who want to have better living standards due to its geographical location. While Turkey was transit country from the 1960s to the early 2000s, it became also destination country after the 2000s as well as a transit country Each year, the European Union issues progress reports for each candidate country, showing the extent to which the country has complied with the Copenhagen criteria in various areas and making recommendations. Although these progress reports are not legally binding for the candidate country, they are of serious importance for the entry of the candidate country into the Union. These reports for Turkey started in 1998 and have been organized every year until today. In this study, the criticisms brought under the heading of irregular migration in the progress reports prepared by the EU for Turkey by using qualitative research method were analyzed and the effects of these criticisms on Turkey were discussed and the measures to be taken were explained.</em></p> Ramazan TURAN, Feyzullah ÜNAL Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1164 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A STUDY ON THE DETECTION OF CORONAVIRUS PERCEPTIONS OF FOREING STUDENTS RECEIVING TOURISM EDUCATION AT THE UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL THROUGH METAPHOR https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1213 <p><em>In this study, the metaphors developed by foreign students studying undergraduate tourism was aimed to the concept of coronavirus are examined. In the study, answers were sought for the questions of which groups can be collected by considering the metaphors used by foreign students to explain the concept of coronavirus and their common features. The sample of the study consists of 87 foreign students studying in Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Tourism Faculty. Semi-structured questionnaire form was used to collect the data. Due to the measures taken as a result of the coronavirus outbreak, a questionnaire was sent to foreign students via e-mail. Research data 22 questionnaires were collected between 30 March 2020 and 4 May 2020. The data obtained as a result of the research was carried out with the help of content analysis, which is one of the qualitative research methods. Most of the participants study in the 2nd and 3rd grades. According to the research findings, the concept of coronavirus was examined in 8 categories. The categories emerged as "Natural Events", "Health", "Thinking About Life", "Education", "Death", "War", "Art" and "Innovation". When the causes of metaphors are examined, it is stated that the world and the country are affected, plans could change suddenly and spread rapidly. In addition, it was stated that health was under threat, helpless people died, death was reminded, freedoms were restricted and people were afraid. On the other hand, it was emphasized that what adds awareness and value to people is a process where the importance of cleanliness, hygiene and patience is understood. The most remarkable result of the research; is that students have not developed any metaphors about tourism. In addition, a common opinion from the participants was not found in the research data.</em></p> Gencay SAATCI, Murat AKSU Copyright (c) 2020 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1213 Tue, 03 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000