JOURNAL OF AWARENESS https://journals.gen.tr/joa <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Journal of Awareness </em></strong>(E-ISSN 2149-6544 &amp; D<em>oi Prefix: 10.26809/joa</em>) is an international refereed journal which started to be published in 2016. <em>The journal aims to include original papers in the main titles of humanities. In this framework, high quality theoretical and applied articles are going to be published.</em> The views and works of academicians, researchers and professionals working in all fileds of humanities are brought together. The articles in the journal is published 4 times a year; WINTER (January), SPRING (April), Summer (July), AUTUMN (October). Journal of Awareness is a free of charge, electronic and open access journal. The DOI number is assigned to all the articles published in the Journal.</p> RATING ACADEMY Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti. en-US JOURNAL OF AWARENESS 0000-0000 <p><em>When the&nbsp; article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Awareness</em><em>, authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Rating Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> INTEGRATED COASTAL ZONE PLANS AND SPATIAL PLANNING RELATIONS, AN EVALUATION OF A CASE STUDY ON İZMİT BAY AND BURSA PROVINCE https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1235 <p><em>Coastal areas have always been an indispensable area for humankind due to the opportunities they offer. The sustainability of the coastal areas, which have social and economic meanings for human activities, has been endangered as they are exposed to huge pressures owing to the rapid depletion of resources. It is necessary to well-organized integrated coastal zone management that adressess environmental, economic and social dimensions with a holistic approach as well as spatial planning in order to sustainability of coastal areas. In this context, integrated coastal zone plans and spatial planning relations in Turkey were evaluated through case study on Izmit Bay and Bursa Province within the frame of principles of integrated coastal zone management as a comparative table. As a result of this study, it was seen that decisions are developed only for the land sections, and there are no provisions regarding aquatic ecosystem and water resources management for marine sections in the integrated coastal area plans of Izmit Bay and Bursa Province where anthropogenic effects are intense. The awareness of the actors involved in the process should be provided first in order to constitute a management model for consistence and coordination between institutions and administration that have authority and responsibility in the coastal areas and the sectors in business on the coastal areas.</em></p> Burcu DEĞERLİ Adem Erdem ERBAŞ Copyright (c) 2021 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 6 1 1 11 10.26809/joa.6.1.01 DESIGNING PUBLIC SQUARES TO OPTIMIZE HUMAN OUTDOOR THERMAL COMFORT: A CASE STUDY IN SAFRANBOLU https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1353 <p><em>Within the scope of the study, thermal comfort analysis was performed using the ENVI-met program of the Misak-ı Milli Square in Safranbolu, and it was determined that the thermal comfort perception of the square as slighty warm-warm. For this reason, a new design proposal has been submitted for the square. In the proposal, the green ratio and the number of trees was increased, the type and location of the trees was changed. The flooring materials was replaced with a stone covering with a higher albedo and new functional suggestions were made for the square. As a result of the thermal comfort analysis of the new proposal, the thermal comfort perception in the square was neutral and the thermal dissatisfaction rate was reduced below 14.5%. In result of the study, it was underlined that the ratio of green areas and the tree type, number and location that constitute it and the choice of flooring materials are important parameters in providing the thermal comfort of the square.</em></p> Ömer ÖZEREN Merve TUNA KAYILI Copyright (c) 2021 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 6 1 13 20 10.26809/joa.6.1.02 EFFECT OF HOUSING SPACE ON HOUSING PREFERENCE: IMPLEMENTATION OF A STRUCTURAL EQUALITY MODEL https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1308 <p><em>Many factors affect the housing demand of individuals. The distance of the place where the residence is built to the workplace, service areas and city center is the most important reason for preference. Again, the physical and social environment of the house, the usage area and architectural features of the house are among the most important factors considered in the selection of the house. This study investigated the factors related to the place that are effective in the housing selection and choice of individuals residing in Erzincan city center. Horizontal cut data obtained from 383 surveys conducted in 2018 with individuals residing in Erzincan city center were analyzed by Structural Equation Modeling. In the study, it was determined that there is a high level positive relationship between the housing choice and preference of individuals and the place where the house is built. The model results show that proximity to basic needs has a high positive effect (= 0.97; t = 10.94) on housing preference. Moreover, proximity to secondary needs has also been found to have a positive and high effect (= 0.93; t = 11.63) on home preference. Again, on the choice of housing, social environment neighborhood (= 0.74; t = 11.63), outdoor and positive externalities (γ = 0.81; t = 10.34), comfort and interior space width (= 0.77; t = 14.65) are positively oriented and It has been found to have a high effect.</em></p> Şerafettin KELEŞ Copyright (c) 2021 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 6 1 21 28 10.26809/joa.6.1.03 FREE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND RECOGNITION OF SAME-SEX MARRIAGES ON THE EXAMPLE OF POLAND, IRELAND AND FRANCE https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1241 <p><em>The article presents the issue of the free movement of persons in the European Union in the field of same-sex marriage rights, taking into account comparative elements. The research presents provisions of the European Union, as well as internal regulations in force in France, Ireland and Poland. The article discusses the approach to the analysed issue at the level of EU regulations and internal regulations of the examined Member States. Moreover, the interaction between EU and national regulations is an important research point.</em> <em>Besides the article shows case variants concerning the recognition of same-sex relationships due to the legal and ideological conditions in the analysed countries Also, the article analyses the impact and importance of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights for the studied topic. In addition, the study takes into consideration the impact of constitutional provisions on the legalization of homosexual couples in the analysed countries. The article is divided into parts covering the following issues: free movement of persons in the European Union, the right to family reunification of European Union citizens, relations between European Union law and the internal law of the Member States, recognition of same-sex marriages in France, Ireland and Poland, and summary. The opinions of A. Tryfonidou, H. Verschueren, P. Tulea and M. Bell were included in the study due to their importance to the research are. </em></p> Karolina BICZ Copyright (c) 2021 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 6 1 29 37 10.26809/joa.6.1.04 STRATEGIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITIES: STRATEGIC GOALS AND IMPLEMENTATION RESULTS https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1320 <p><em>The environment, which is the living space for all living beings, also contains the resources necessary for their survival. Because not all of the resources are renewable and the renewable ones are exposure to a consumption higher than their renewal rate, the natural sources face the risk of extinction. Another danger for natural sources arises from the waste generated while consumption or production activities. Leaving wastes to the environment without control or disposal of the wastes with a harmful method causes serious effects on the environment. For this reason, the process from the production to disposal of the waste must be managed sensitively. Sustainable environment will be possible if the waste management is also sustainable. The United Nations, one of the most important actors of the international environmental management, dwelled on the sustainable waste management subject in the final declaration of the Rio+20 Sustainable Development Conference, named “The Future We Want”. Also the sustainable waste management was ranked as one of the Sustainable Development Goals, determined in 2015. Due to the importance of waste management, subject of this study is the waste management of the metropolitan municipalities in Turkey. Strategic plans of the four metropolitan municipalities, which are decided on their population density criteria, were examined within the scope of waste management. The goals of the metropolitan municipalities will be found out from the strategic plans and the achievement levels of them will be monitored through their annual activity reports. Also, the reasons of the unachieved goals will be analysed with MAXQDA Analytics Pro qualitative data analysis software. The study aims to reveal how the waste management issue is handled, how much of the goals are achieved and how the unachieved goals are justified by the metropolitan municipalities.</em></p> Çağlar Eren AYAZ Hikmet YAVAŞ Copyright (c) 2021 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 6 1 39 57 10.26809/joa.6.1.05 PROBLEMATIZING HOME, BELONGING AND IDENTITY IN BINA SHARIF’S MY ANCESTOR’S HOUSE: A TRANSNATIONAL APPROACH https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1295 <p><em>Since the 1990s, transnationalism, a as recent field of enquiry, has emerged as another theoretical lens through which we can look into the changing, evolving meanings of home, homeland, and belonging for international migrants. Studies of transnational migrants have focused upon varying aspects of the migrants’ lives: their ties with their kin; laws of naturalization in the host country, involvement in political organizations, the place of cultural iconography such as food, music, tradition in their daily lives. Because these transmigrants neither cut the ties to their countries of origin nor fully assimilate into the new culture of the host country, these immigrants fall under the rubric of transnationals However, transnational studies focusing upon the cross-border lives and activities of transnational subjects ignore the cross-cutting variables of gender, class, age, religion, ideology, period of immigration, citizenship status, different local sending contexts, which play a mediatory role in shaping notions of home, identity, community within even a single transnational community. In order words, it is not possible to talk about the transnationalism of a certain migrant group but of the heterogeneous make-up of transnationalisms, which differ even among the members of a transnational community at any given point in time. To understand the relationship between transnational migrants, and their conceptions of home and belonging, it is of vital importance to explore the specific circumstances of migration and how they influence conceptions of home. Secondly, the celebratory overtones of the transnational conditions of international migrants overlook the negative consequences of transnational lives such as the feelings of loss and dislocation inherent in cross border movements of transmigrants. Reading Pakistani-American Bina Sharif’s play My Ancestor’s House through a transnational lens, I would argue, brings a new insight into the literature on transnationalism by way of highlighting the non-homogenous, non-celebratory, and historically specific aspects of transnationalism in a global age.</em></p> Nesrin YAVAŞ Copyright (c) 2021 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 6 1 59 66 10.26809/joa.6.1.06 OVERVIEW OF DRUG-FACILITATED SEXUAL ASSAULT CASES IN CINEMA; WOULD YOU DRİNG A COLD SODA? https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1288 <p><em>Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database that contains information about movies, TV series, internet contents and has 83 million registered users. Ready-made keywords are used to categorize films according to their subjects and to make it easier to reach the movies that are sought after. One of these ready-made keywords is "Date rape drug". It is seen that it is the subject of many films such as horror, thriller, drama, and comedy. The use of drugs in movies about rape has led to the need to put forward the question of what these drugs are and their role in the story pattern.</em></p> <p><em>For this purpose, 52 films obtained by selecting the ready-made keyword "date report durg" in IMDb database were examined. Four of these 52 films with the highest IMDb score in their genre were included in the study. In terms of Turkish cinema, İffet and Kayıp Kızlar were analyzed.</em></p> <p><em>In this study, the properties and effects of drugs that facilitate sexual assault are compiled, and how sexual violence is depicted, the representation of the female figure, its role in the films are examined.</em></p> Jale AKGÖL Copyright (c) 2021 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 6 1 67 72 10.26809/joa.6.1.07 OPERATION COVİD-19: NEGATIVE AFFECTIVE LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTIC MANIPULATIONS IN THE HEADLINES OF THE NEWS ARTICLES ABOUT TURKEY BY THE NEWS PLATFORMS BROADCASTING IN TURKISH https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1277 <p><em>As an evolved tool of operation, human language includes new elements, techniques,and practices, such as (pre)judgments, emotions, subjectivity, positive-negative values, valences, and attitudes of speakers and authors. With these features, language creates an illusion between information, reality, news-reporting,and virtual reality, perception,and manipulation. Therefore, language cannot be regarded only as a communication tool that we can define as objective or neutral, but a communication and operation tool loaded with political, cultural,and ideological values. One field in which language is most effectively used as a menas of operation is media. This study analyzes the language and discourse used in the headlines of the news produced by the Voice of America Turkish, the Independent Turkish and Deutsche Welle Turkish media organizations during the Covid 19 pandemic. The study concluded that the headlines obtained as data used a negative affective language, which is the most prominent feature of political and ideological discourse. By using the permutation technique, which is a syntactic manipulation type, the word Turkey was used as the first word of most of the negative sentences. Rhetorical questions containing innuendos were widely used, creating negative perceptions to persuade the target audience to think, believe and act in the selected and desired way. The study argues that the headlines in question were the more biased openings of the biased media contents.</em></p> Fehmi TURGUT Copyright (c) 2021 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 6 1 73 79 10.26809/joa.6.1.08 ANALOGY OF THE COVID-19 CRISIS AND THE BOSNIAN WAR-SIEGE; PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL SECURITY PERSPECTIVE https://journals.gen.tr/joa/article/view/1301 <p><em>The study qualitatively explores the pandemic and Sarajevo War-Siege from the psychological, sociological, and political security perspectives. As a direct indicator of behavioral variability within extreme conditions, the author refers to structural interviews with war-siege participants. The citizens can recognize the 1990s in some manifestations of the pandemic, including crisis staff formation that reflects ethnopolitics (ethnic-political boundaries) rather than instills public confidence. Life in the conditions of radical changes leaves a trace that does not have to be exclusively emotional but cognitive. The state of war-siege meant deconstructing the pre-war way of life and new ways of coping with war conditions. Maintaining routines is a link to pre-war life; continuity of norms and values allows for mental stability maintenance. During the siege, people had an acute perception of space and time. Space was something where the danger came from and the time spent in that space needed to be reduced. We have similar functions during the pandemic, reflecting on people's thoughts. Those who have adequately gone through the trauma that lasted during the siege have adapted well to "extreme" conditions and can develop protective mechanisms. Human thought focuses on the repetitive and familiar in today's world, while some extreme event interprets as the exception; such exceptional events are crucial in creating the future. Regardless of the political system's axis, confidence in the political elites must be sufficient. Prevention of fear and panic in the war's geographical area should be based on quality peacetime preparation through education and psychological commitment</em><em>. </em></p> Faruk HADŽIĆ Copyright (c) 2021 Rating Academy Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2021-02-24 2021-02-24 6 1 81 93 10.26809/joa.6.1.09